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As a result of the strategy, numerous battles were fought along the river, including several in the Hudson Valley. Washington set up defensive positions in the hills around the village. Once the British managed to reach the top of the hill, Washington was forced to retreat.
The main positive for Washington after this battle was that he managed to avoid being enveloped by the British Army. Once Washington retreated to Pennsylvania, New England militias had to fortify the Hudson Highlands , a choke point on the river north of Haverstraw Bay.
As a result, the Continentals started building Fort Clinton on the other side of the river from Fort Montgomery. In the year , Washington expected General Howe to sail his army north to Saratoga in order to meet up with General Burgoyne.
This would result in the Hudson River being sealed off. However, Howe surprised Washington by sailing his army south to Philadelphia, conquering the Patriot capital. Washington was out of position and sought to defend Philadelphia, but to no avail.
On October 5, , Clinton's army did so. Along the way, the army looted and pillaged the village of Peeksill.
The Continentals fought hard at the battle, but they were badly outnumbered and were fighting in unfinished forts. Washington's men were caught between defending Philadelphia and defending the Hudson Valley. In the end, the British took the fort, as well as taking Philadelphia around the same time.
However, Clinton and his men returned to New York City soon afterward. The Continentals later decided to build the Great West Point Chain in order to prevent another British fleet from sailing up the Hudson River in a similar manner as during the previous battle. The chain that was by the forts was simply circumvented by the British army via attacking on the shores.
The new chain, designed by engineer Captain Thomas Machin , could have theoretically been lowered in order to let friendly ships sail down the river, but the chain was never tested, and was later discarded after the war. During Benedict Arnold's control over West Point, he began weakening its defenses, including neglecting repairs on the West Point Chain. The next morning, an outpost at Verplanck's Point fired on the ship, which sailed back down river. André was forced to return to New York City by land;  pp—6 however, he was captured near Tarrytown on September 23 by three Westchester militiamen, and later was hanged.
Following the building of the Erie Canal , the area became an important industrial center. The Hudson Valley proved attractive for railroads, once technology progressed to the point where it was feasible to construct the required bridges over tributaries. The Troy and Greenbush Railroad was chartered in and opened that same year, running a short distance on the east side between Troy and Greenbush, now known as East Greenbush east of Albany.
When the Poughkeepsie Bridge opened in , it became the longest single-span bridge in the world. Construction was slow, and was finally completed in ; the New York Central purchased the line the next year. During the Industrial Revolution, the Hudson River became a major location for production.
The river allowed for fast and easy transport of goods from the interior of the Northeast to the coast. Hundreds of factories were built around the Hudson, in towns including Poughkeepsie, Newburgh, Kingston, and Hudson. The river links to the Erie Canal and Great Lakes, allowing manufacturing in the Midwest, including automobiles in Detroit, to use the river for transport.
In , the North River Steamboat later known as Clermont , became the first commercially successful steamboat. Tourism became a major industry as early as With convenient steamboat connections in New York City, and numerous attractive hotels in romantic settings, tourism became an important industry. Early guidebooks were providing suggestions on their itinerary.
Middle-class people who read James Fenimore Cooper 's novels, or saw the paintings of the Hudson River School, were especially attracted. An 8-mile section was built from Ossining to Peekskill, now part of U. Route 9 ; the rest of the highway was never built due to local opposition. In the early 19th century, popularized by the stories of Washington Irving , the Hudson Valley gained a reputation as a somewhat gothic region inhabited by the remnants of the early days of the Dutch colonization of New York see, e.
The area is associated with the Hudson River School , a group of American Romantic painters who worked from about to Hudson River School paintings reflect three themes of America in the 19th century: Hudson River School landscapes are characterized by their realistic, detailed, and sometimes idealized portrayal of nature, often juxtaposing peaceful agriculture and the remaining wilderness, which was fast disappearing from the Hudson Valley just as it was coming to be appreciated for its qualities of ruggedness and sublimity.
The school characterizes the artistic body, its New York location, its landscape subject matter, and often its subject, the Hudson River. In gathering the visual data for their paintings, the artists would travel to extraordinary and extreme environments, which generally had conditions that would not permit extended painting at the site. During these expeditions, the artists recorded sketches and memories, returning to their studios to paint the finished works later.
He hiked west high up into the eastern Catskill Mountains of New York State to paint the first landscapes of the area. It is a pedestrian walkway over the Hudson River that opened as part of the Hudson River Quadricentennial Celebrations, and it connects over 25 miles of existing pedestrian trails.
The area's high technology ecosystem is supported by technologically focused academic institutions including Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute and the State University of New York Polytechnic Institute. The Hudson Valley is one of the oldest winemaking and grape-growing regions in the United States, with roots established as early as , and has experienced a resurgence in viticulture in the 21st century. Many wineries are located in the Hudson Valley, offering wine-tasting and other tours.
The Hudson Valley is divided into three regions: Lower, Middle, and Upper. The following is a list of the counties within the Hudson Valley sorted by region.
New York State Route 17 operates as a freeway in much of Orange County and will be designated Interstate 86 in the future. The Walkway Over the Hudson is a pedestrian bridge which parallels the Mid-Hudson Bridge and was formerly a railroad bridge. Commuter rail service in the region is provided by Metro-North Railroad operated by the Metropolitan Transportation Authority.
The Hudson Valley is served by two airports with commercial airline service: The pedestrian Walkway over the Hudson , also connecting Poughkeepsie and Highland. Bear Mountain Bridge , connecting northern Westchester and Rockland counties. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the region. For the magazine, see Hudson Valley magazine. Timelines of town creation. List of fixed crossings of the Hudson River. Roadside Geology of New York. Three Billion Years of Environmental Change.
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Directory of retailers at Somerset Collection. Join our email list for the latest news from Somerset Collection. Somerset Collection is an upscale, luxury, super-regional shopping mall, located in Metro Detroit, in Troy, Michigan with more than specialty stores. A detailed interactive map of Somerset Collection in Troy. Located in the Detroit suburb of Troy, Michigan, The Somerset Collection is anchored by Saks Fifth Avenue, Neiman Marcus, Nordstrom and Macy's. This upscale mall includes a food court in the North Building as well as many sitdown restaurants. The mall features multiple Sorvikivi Floating Stone Fountains which were made in Finland.