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That answers my question. Continue submitting my question. It is not known when humans began wearing clothes but anthropologists believe that animal skins and vegetation were adapted into coverings as protection from cold, heat and rain, especially as humans migrated to new climates. Clothing and textiles have been important in human history. They reflect the materials available in different civilizations at different times.
They also reflect upon the technologies that had been mastered in due course of time. The social significance of the finished product reflects their culture. Textiles can be felt or spun fibers made into yarn and subsequently netted , looped, knit or woven to make fabrics, which appeared in the Middle East during the late stone age. Sources available for the study of clothing and textiles include material remains discovered via archaeology ; representation of textiles and their manufacture in art; and documents concerning the manufacture, acquisition, use, and trade of fabrics, tools, and finished garments.
Scholarship of textile history, especially its earlier stages, is part of material culture studies. The development of textile and clothing manufacture in prehistory has been the subject of a number of scholarly studies since the late 20th century.
Evidence suggests that humans may have begun wearing clothing as far back as , to , years ago. Genetic analysis suggests that the human body louse , which lives in clothing, may only have diverged from the head louse some , years ago, which supports evidence that humans began wearing clothing at around this time. These estimates predate the first known human exodus from Africa , although other hominid species who may have worn clothes — and shared these louse infestations — appear to have migrated earlier.
Sewing needles have been dated to at least 50, years ago Denisova Cave , Siberia — and uniquely associated with a human species other than modern humans , i.
The oldest possible example is 60, years ago, a needle point missing stem and eye found in Sibudu Cave , South Africa. Other early examples of needles dating from 41,, years ago are found in multiple locations, e.
Slovenia, Russia, China, Spain and France. The earliest dyed flax fibres have been found in a prehistoric cave in the Georgia and date back to 36, The 25, year old Venus Figurine " Venus of Lespugue ", found in southern France in the Pyrenees, depicts a cloth or twisted fibre skirt. Other figurines from western Europe were adorned with basket hats or caps, belts worn at the waist, and a strap of cloth that wrapped around the body right above the breast. Eastern European figurines wore belts, hung low on the hips and sometimes string skirts.
Archaeologists have discovered artifacts from the same period that appear to have been used in the textile arts: The first actual textile, as opposed to skins sewn together, was probably felt. In northern Eurasia , peat bogs can also preserve textiles very well. The first known textile of South America was discovered in Guitarrero Cave in Peru, it was woven out of vegetable fibers and dates back to 8, B.
From pre-history through the early Middle Ages, for most of Europe, the Near East and North Africa, two main types of loom dominate textile production. These are the warp-weighted loom and the two-beam loom. The length of the cloth beam determined the width of the cloth woven upon it, and could be as wide as 2—3 meters. The second loom type is the two-beam loom. The earliest known woven textiles of the Near East may be fabrics used to wrap the dead, excavated at a Neolithic site at Çatalhöyük in Anatolia , carbonized in a fire and radiocarbon dated to c.
We do not know what the people who constituted the Indus Valley Civilization, one of the earliest civilizations of the world, actually wore.
Any cloth that might have been worn has long since disintegrated and we have not yet been able to decipher the Indus script. However, historians and archaeologists have managed to piece together some bits of information from clues found in sculptures and figurines. Terracotta figurines uncovered at Mehrgarh show a male figure wearing what is commonly interpreted to be a turban; female figurines depict women with elaborate headdress and intricate hairstyles.
It is not only important because scholars have called it a representation of an assumed authority or head of state but also because of what it is wearing. The calmly seated Priest-King is depicted wearing a shawl with floral patterns.
So far, this is the only sculpture from the Indus Valley to show clothing in such explicit detail. However, it does not provide any concrete proof to legitimize the history of clothing in the Harappan times. Harappans may even have used natural colours to dye their fabric.
Research shows that the cultivation of indigo plants genus: Another important sculpture is of a dancing girl, also excavated from Mohenjo-daro. She is depicted with no clothing other than a number of bangles upon her arm. Lal  has managed draw parallels between the dancing girl and women today in parts of Rajasthan and Gujarat. He notices how contemporary women continue wearing those bangles even today. Harappans may not have left any evidence of what clothing or textiles they had at that time but they did leave remains of jewellery and beads in large amounts.
For instance, the graves of Harappans have yielded various forms of jewellery such as neckpieces, bracelets, rings, and head ornaments.
Multiple beads of varying shapes and sizes have also been recovered. This jewellery incorporates various materials such as gold, bronze, terracotta, faience, and shells; imported materials including turquoise and lapis lazuli were used too.
This suggests that the Harappans might have engaged in long-distance trade. Long, slender carnelian beads were highly prized by the Harappans. Harappans were also experts in manufacturing microbeads, which have been found in various locations from hearths and graves. These beads were extremely hard to work with and needed extra precision to produce.
A special drill has been found both at Lothal and Chanhudaro. Chanhudaro was a centre exclusively devoted to craft production. Evidence exists for production of linen cloth in Ancient Egypt in the Neolithic period, c. Cultivation of domesticated wild flax , probably an import from the Levant , is documented as early as c.
Other bast fibers including rush , reed , palm , and papyrus were used alone or with linen to make rope and other textiles. Evidence for wool production in Egypt is scanty at this period. Spinning techniques included the drop spindle, hand-to-hand spinning, and rolling on the thigh; yarn was also spliced. Linen bandages were used in the burial custom of mummification , and art depicts Egyptian men wearing linen kilts and women in narrow dresses with various forms of shirts and jackets, often of sheer pleated fabric.
The earliest evidence of silk production in China was found at the sites of Yangshao culture in Xia, Shanxi , where a cocoon of bombyx mori , the domesticated silkworm, cut in half by a sharp knife is dated to between and BC. Fragments of primitive looms are also seen from the sites of Hemudu culture in Yuyao, Zhejiang , dated to about BC. Under the Shang Dynasty, Han Chinese clothing or Hanfu consisted of a yi , a narrow-cuffed, knee-length tunic tied with a sash, and a narrow, ankle-length skirt, called shang , worn with a bixi , a length of fabric that reached the knees.
Clothing of the elite was made of silk in vivid primary colours. The earliest evidence of spinning in Thailand can be found at the archaeological site of Tha Kae located in Central Thailand. Here, archaeologists discovered 90 fragments of spindle whorl dated from 3rd century BC to 3rd century AD. And the shape of these finds indicate the connections with south China and India. This culture is defined by pottery decorated with cord patterns. In a shell mound in the Miyagi Prefecture, dating back about 5,, some cloth fragments were discovered made from bark fibers.
Some pottery pattern imprints depict also fine mat designs, proving their weaving techniques. The depictions also show clothing with patterns that are embroidered or painted arched designs, though it is not apparent whether this indicates what the clothes look like or whether that simply happens to be the style of representation used.
The pottery also shows no distinction between male and female garments. This may have been true because during that time period clothing was more for decoration than social distinction, but it might also just be because of the representation on the pottery rather than how people actually dressed at the time. Since bone needles were also found, it is assumed that they wore dresses that were sewn together.
Next was the Yayoi period, during which rice cultivation was developed. This led to a shift from hunter-gatherer communities to agrarian societies which had a large impact on clothing. According to Chinese literature from that time period, clothing more appropriate to agriculture began to be worn. For example, unsewn fabric wrapper around the body and poncho-type garments with head-holes cut into them. This same literature also indicates that pink or scarlet makeup was worn but also that mannerisms between people of all ages and genders were not very different.
However, this is debatable as there were probably cultural prejudices in the Chinese document. There is a common Japanese belief that the Yayoi time period was quite utopian before Chinese influence began to promote the use of clothing to indicate age and gender. From to AD was the Yamato period, and here much of the clothing style can be derived from the artifacts of the time. The tomb statues haniwa especially tell us that the clothing style changed from the ones according to the Chinese accounts from the previous age.
The statues are usually wearing a two piece outfit that has an upper piece with a front opening and close-cut sleeves with loose trousers for men and a pleated skirt for women. The following periods were the Asuka to AD and Nara to AD when Japan developed a more unified government and began to use Chinese laws and social rankings.
These new laws required people to wear different styles and colors to indicate social status. Clothing became longer and wider in general and sewing methods were more advanced. The classical Filipino clothing varied according to cost and current fashions and so indicated social standing. The basic garments were the Bahag and the tube skirt—what the Maranao call malong—or a light blanket wrapped around instead.
But more prestigious clothes, lihin-lihin, were added for public appearances and especially on formal occasions— blouses and tunics , loose smocks with s leeves , capes, or ankle-length robes. The textiles of which they were made were similarly varied. In ascending order of value, they were abaca , abaca decorated with colored cotton thread , cotton , cotton decorated with silk thread, silk, imported printstuff, and an elegant abaca woven of selected fibers almost as thin as silk.
In addition, Pigafetta mentioned both G-strings and skirts of bark cloth. Untailored clothes, however had no particular names. In Panay , the word kurong , meaning curly hair, was applied to any short skirt or blouse; and some better ones made of imported chintz or calico were simply called by the name of the cloth itself, tabas.
So, too, the wraparound skirt the Tagalogs called tapis was hardly considered a skirt at all: Visayans just called it habul woven stuff or halong abaca or even hulun sash. The usual male headdress was the pudong, a turban, though in Panay both men and women also wore a head cloth or bandana called saplung.
Commoners wore pudong of rough abaca cloth wrapped around only a few turns so that it was more of a headband than a turban and was therefore called pudong-pudong—as the crowns and diadems on Christian images were later called. A red pudong was called magalong, and was the insignia of braves who had killed an enemy. The most prestigious kind of pudong , limited to the most valiant, was, like their G-strings, made of pinayusan, a gauze-thin abaca of fibers selected for their whiteness, tie-dyed a deep scarlet in patterns as fine as embroidery, and burnished to a silky sheen.
Such pudong were lengthened with each additional feat of valor: Women generally wore a kerchief, called tubatub if it was pulled tight over the whole head; but they also had a broad-brimmed hat called sayap or tarindak, woven of sago-palm leaves. Some were evidently signs of rank: A headdress from Cebu with a deep crown, used by both sexes for travel on foot or by boat, was called sarok , which actually meant to go for water.
The exchange of luxury textiles was predominant on the Silk Road , a series of ancient trade and cultural transmission routes that were central to cultural interaction through regions of the Asian continent connecting East and West by linking traders, merchants, pilgrims , monks , soldiers, nomads and urban dwellers from China to the Mediterranean Sea during various periods of time.
The trade route was initiated around BC by the Han Dynasty ,  although earlier trade across the continents had already existed. Trade on the Silk Road was a significant factor in the development of the great civilizations of China, Egypt, Mesopotamia , Persia , the Indian subcontinent, and Rome , and helped to lay the foundations for the modern world. Fabric in Ancient Greece was woven on a warp-weighted loom.
The first extant image of weaving in western art is from a terracotta lekythos in the Metropolitan Museum of Art, NY. The warp threads, which run vertically to a bar at the top, are tied together with weights at the bottom, which hold them taut. The woman on the right runs the shuttle containing the weaving thread across the middle of the warp.
The woman on the left uses a beater to consolidate the already-woven threads. Dress in classical antiquity favored wide, unsewn lengths of fabric, pinned and draped to the body in various ways. Ancient Greek clothing consisted of lengths of wool or linen, generally rectangular and secured at the shoulders with ornamented pins called fibulae and belted with a sash.
Typical garments were the peplos , a loose robe worn by women; the chlamys , a cloak worn by men; and the chiton , a tunic worn by both men and women. A long cloak called a himation was worn over the peplos or chlamys. The toga of ancient Rome was also an unsewn length of wool cloth, worn by male citizens draped around the body in various fashions, over a simple tunic. Early tunics were two simple rectangles joined at the shoulders and sides; later tunics had sewn sleeves.
Women wore the draped stola or an ankle-length tunic, with a shawl -like palla as an outer garment. Wool was the preferred fabric, although linen, hemp , and small amounts of expensive imported silk and cotton were also worn. Bodies and clothing have been found from this period, preserved by the anaerobic and acidic conditions of peat bogs in northwestern Europe. A Danish recreation of clothing found with such bodies indicates woven wool dresses, tunics and skirts.
Garments were not always plain, but incorporated decoration with contrasting colours, particularly at the ends and edges of the garment. Men wore breeches , possibly with lower legs wrapped for protection, although Boucher states that long trousers have also been found. Caps were worn, also made from skins, and there was an emphasis on hair arrangements, from braids to elaborate Suebian knots.
The history of Medieval European clothing and textiles has inspired a good deal of scholarly interest in the 21st century. Medieval Finds from Excavations in London, c. The Byzantines made and exported very richly patterned cloth, woven and embroidered for the upper classes, and resist-dyed and printed for the lower. Leggings and hose were often worn, but are not prominent in depictions of the wealthy; they were associated with barbarians, whether European or Persian.
European dress changed gradually in the years to People in many countries dressed differently depending on whether they identified with the old Romanised population, or the new invading populations such as Franks , Anglo-Saxons , and Visigoths.
Men of the invading peoples generally wore short tunics , with belts, and visible trousers, hose or leggings.
The Romanised populations, and the Church, remained faithful to the longer tunics of Roman formal costume. The elite imported silk cloth from the Byzantine, and later Muslim, worlds, and also probably cotton. They also could afford bleached linen and dyed and simply patterned wool woven in Europe itself.
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